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Woman seeking a gentleman in zilina
In the Im Court of Human Horses alone, we have won 15 democrats and lost only two and three were unrelated. zipina We are awesome to the ERRC for chemistry us proud. I open of fragile Kafka, now by tuberculosis and family a cure, unsuccessfully, in Fact spas; and of the trial in Dostoyevsky's The Drive, who likes the book speechless, artsy, and adventurous, living out his even at an alpine spa. To the going a row of interests where massages were being impressed; straight ahead another row of personals, each driving a bed.
Nevertheless, it seemed to us that one had to begin this work and that it was necessary to establish the ERRC.
Stranger in a Strange Land
sseeking The urgency of the situation zipina Roma in the countries of Europe with significant numbers of Roma, and the importance of the x issues zilima which the ERRC had to grapple, made us believe that, despite the difficulties, it would be Wooman the very long term investment that would gentlemab required. I think that the results in the first decade kn than justified that decision zilin embark on this path. To me, gejtleman accomplishments of ERRC are many: Gentkeman else happens, the fact that there are several hundred Roma gentleamn who have acquired the skills to gejtleman on behalf of Roma rights seems to be an enormous accomplishment.
Second, it seems to me that the ERRC has created an awareness of deprivation of rights that Roma suffer and also the significance of engaging in battles to promote Roma rights. Third, there have xeeking been a number gentlemxn signifiant victories in gsntleman on behalf of Roma rights that have been achieved by ziliba ERRC. And, finally, perhaps as significant as any of the others, the ERRC has paved the way for comprehensive efforts to advance the cause of Roma equality that are epitomized by the launch of the Decade of WWoman Inclusion, with emphasis on Roma education ventleman other aspects of Roma equality. There is a very very long way to go.
Ziina I think that those of us who had a part in helping to launch the ERRC feel enormously proud of what has been x. We are grateful to the ERRC for making us proud. Thank you very much! Dimitrina Petrova Gfntlemanwe sent a three-person mission to Turkey, to research the human rights situation of Roma and bring back reports on cases seekign abuse, which we could publicize and if necessary file lawsuits in the courts. Two weeks later, the mission returned. It brought the disturbing news that Roma in Turkey didn't want to identify as Gengleman that they lived in horrible poverty on the margins of society but would not talk seekinv even be seen in the company of strangers.
There had been cases of death and Woman seeking a gentleman in zilina in detention, but none of the victims wished to file complaints. Sefking published a few photos and short factual reports in Gfntleman Rights, our journal, and this was it. There was no follow up for un some time. In the next seven years, we sent three further missions to Turkey, with similar inn. There was every evidence that the human rights position of Roma in Turkey ih deplorable; but it had attracted no attention from either Turkish or international human rights groups. We tried Eugene dating raise funds to undertake work gengleman Turkey, but there was no donor interest.
The reason I am telling you this story of failure is that NGOs gentlwman usually very reluctant to state they have failed in something. Indeed, they take care to hide their failures. They prefer to speak seeeking challenges and lessons Wkman. But just like other NGOs, the ERRC 10 years' history is a mixed experience of inspiring achievements, bitter disappointments and a slew of lukewarm results in between. Our record is not an uninterrupted string of successful actions. It is not the case that as soon as we emerged, the mainstream society, or indeed the Roma, fell on one knee to welcome us onto the scene of human rights activism, or of Roma affairs.
Yes, we have had certain failures, but genttleman we also have the zulina to acknowledge them. What matters in ih end is the balance. Ten years is a long time and a 10th anniversary deeking the right time to take stock. For each defeat, count several victories. We failed in Turkey, sreking in 20 or so other countries, in which we zipina in similar initial conditions, we made a difference. Sometimes success is a singular event, sometimes a process. We have plenty of individual actions Wpman are clear victories in the promotion gentlrman human rights. But I think our accomplishments are best described in terms of processes, to which we have contributed incrementally in the direction of justice and equal rights for the Roma.
If I permit myself to use the unelegant and frequently abused word "impact", I would highlight the major impact of the ERRC in the following processes: The process of developing the field of Roma rights. Ten years ago, there was no "Roma rights" — now this is a rich field of human rights advocacy, as well as an aspect of the Roma movement. To do justice to my former and present colleagues, I must be immodest on this point. I must say that ERRC has been the premier driving force for developing this field — alone at first, joined by others later. ERRC was the conceptualizer of Roma grievances, the translator of these grievances into the powerful language of international human rights and the framer of issues in the struggle to empower the Roma.
It is to ERRC's credit that approximately six years ago the issue of the Roma was firmly planted at the top of the European human rights agenda. Today, although there are other important institutions involved in Roma rights, ERRC remains a busy laboratory that continues to produce strategic tools for the Roma rights movement. And by doing this, it made a difference in both. Ten years ago there were only several cases — first in Bulgaria and then in Hungary — in which Roma had claimed their rights in the court rooms. I am counting as a first victory the Pazardjik case, in which a Romani man successfully sued the Ministry of Internal Affairs in Bulgaria, for violent police conduct during a punitive raid of a Romani neighborhood.
This was in InERRC started building its litigation program, on an almost empty place. Not only were Roma at that time too weak to defend their rights in the courts but the legal, political and social ingredients for public interest law were still missing in the region. Today, Roma have prevailed in the courts in hundreds of cases. Fortunately, numerous organizations work to combat racial violence and discrimination against Roma throughout Europe, and ERRC helped kick-start some of this work through institutional grants to human rights and Romani NGOs in the periodwhen, due to the underdeveloped state of Roma rights, we were performing the additional role of a donor.
We had to do this work because otherwise the ERRC enterprise would have remained in a vacuum for too long. Though many organizations take on cases today, the ERRC, with its strategic litigation program first developed by the US lawyer Jim Goldston, remains to date the biggest and most victorious litigator on behalf of Roma and also perhaps on behalf of any minority in Europe. In the European Court of Human Rights alone, we have won 15 cases and lost only two and three were inadmissible. In international jurisdictions generally, including the ECtHR and UN treaty bodies' individual complaint procedures, we have won 22 strategic cases and lost four.
In domestic courts, we have litigated — alone or together with others — over cases, with a success rate unparalleled by Roma rights groups. Not all cases of course are of the same strategic value, but some are trail blazing, and many go beyond established jurisprudence, as well as beyond satisfying the individual Roma clients. ERRC played a role in advancing the implementation of anti-discrimination law in Europe. Starting inwe have been preoccupied with advocating comprehensive antidiscrimination law and policy. Several countries have adopted excellent legislation that we are in the process of testing. We want the good laws to work in practice; actually, we are aware that good equality provisions in many countries will be symbolic legislation; but symbolic legislation is worth advocating, as it can break a deadlock and pave the way for increasingly effective legislation.
We plan to keep working at this front in our second decade. The ERRC has developed the largest and most authoritative information resources on Roma rights, including in electronic formats. We have published a quarterly journal, 15 country reports, several thematic reports and other materials whose quality has been regarded as high. I personally am particularly proud of the fact that we have managed to maintain a standard of accuracy of reporting. We have often made authorities unhappy with our interpretations, but no friend or foe has ever been able to point at a factual error in our reports; this is critical for a human rights organization for which, as I have been saying to my colleagues ad nauseam, credibility is everything.
ERRC has played a role not only in establishing Roma rights as a priority for human rights in Europe but also in the area of social policy development. We helped articulate directions for rights based policies in the sectors critical for Roma inclusion, i. Perhaps the single most important issue that we have attacked from all sides, through research, advocacy, litigation, training, etc. And perhaps the single most important priority for us in the next years will be the struggle for desegregation. We are currently in the process of updating our own role in this area, looking in particular at the need to adopt legislation creating positive obligations to desegregate. ERRC has been a school for Romani activists.
The majority of the younger generation of Roma who are active today in both governmental and non-governmental settings have passed through the ERRC as board members, staff, interns, scholarship recipients, local monitors, participants in joint projects, partners, etc. I think that the diversity of the ERRC is in itself an accomplishment. It is a basic principle in human rights that human rights is of everybody's concern and this concern is as legitimate when it crosses identity borders as when it is an insider voice. The ERRC is a positive example of human rights advocacy pursued by mixed teams stretching across ethnic, religious or other boxes. If I now turn to challenges for the second decade, well, there are plenty, both short term and long term.
In fact, to save time, I might just turn around and say that all the things I highlighted as accomplishments are convertible to challenges for the future. It is more difficult today than 10 years ago to play a strategic role in an increasingly complex human rights environment, and in an increasingly complex Roma movement. Work on legal cases generates a range of new obstacles, equality of rights for the Roma is still a far away destination, and navigating the small boat of the ERRC also promises to be more difficult in the second decade. In some places, the tasks ahead are daunting: A few days ago, a prominent human rights advocate, the year-old Boris Krendel, the leader of the major human rights group in Tomsk, Siberia, was forced to go into hiding together with his young daughter, when the city was flooded with leaflets telling the citizens of Tomsk that it is intolerable to live in the same city with a man helping the Gypsies.
He is helping the Roma, because, being a partner in an ERRC project, he filed a case challenging the impunity of powerful criminal gangs who set on fire the Roma settlement in the town of Iskitim, where a 7-year-old girl died in the fire. But today is a day of celebrating. ERRC was born under a lucky star which is evident even in such grotesque incidents, as when a drunk man in Ukraine assaulted Jim Goldston, the ERRC's first legal director, and was waving an axe at him, or when KFOR soldiers agreed to rescue a Romani man from paramilitaries in Kosovo only if Claude Cahn walked in front of them through a minefield.
The assailant threatening to kill Jim was stopped, and Claude walked through the minefield unharmed. We will need the good luck further. We will also need motivated, competent and hardworking people. Such people are the staff members of the ERRC, hard working and hardly ever thanked, so I will call their names and after they all stand, I will ask you to join me in thanking them.
Soros himself has repeatedly reiterated his commitment to Roma rights and Romani empowerment, both through regular speeches on the issue, as well as via generous funding of a range of Romani and Roma rights initiatives. Soros reflected on a number of matters concerning the ERRC's first ten years. He also committed to further financial support for the ERRC in the years to come. The presentation aimed to summarise a few aspects of ERRC action during its first decade. Programmes Director Claude Seekjng provided the framework for the presentation, which featured interventions by: Framework text is in Roman type below; the five interventions are in italics.
For the most gentlemman, however, we arrived into a void — a seekinh of action — and even a void of information. Wojan were attacked by vibrant skinhead movements and in some cases even brutally killed — but no one knew what, if anything, had been done to challenge these, or even how many deaths there had been. Non-Roma burned to Woman seeking a gentleman in zilina ground Romani settlements, but these events were barely regarded as newsworthy. Wlman related to systemic discrimination in access to goods and services — including in the realisation gejtleman fundamental rights such s education — had barely been broached at all. In charting our achievement today, we focus on five areas of our work: Challenging impunity for degrading treatment; Anti-discrimination law and policy; Romani women's rights; and Seekking Roma rights activists.
Fromuntil the present day, a major component of our work involves challenging impunity for degrading treatment, including racially motivated violence by vigilante extremists and others, community violence, endemic police treatment. Through lawsuits, international and domestic pressure, as gentlejan as through other means, we have tried to ensure that these violent acts degrading the commonweal cannot stand. In recent years these efforts have begun to bring results Wpman the Woman seeking a gentleman in zilina of persons punished and damages awarded, strengthened legal norms, new commitments by governments to end these practices, new police structures aimed at countering extremist crime and, most importantly, in some countries at least — for now at least — a demonstrable decline in levels of racially motivated violence.
In seeking to end the impunity of perpetrators of these extreme harms and to bring justice to victims and surviving members of their families, we took on some of the most extreme cases in Europe: The Hadareni pogrom, in which ethnic Hungarian and ethnic Romanian villagers in Romania tortured to death three men accused of a local killing, while police looked on; The killing of Mario Goral — doused in gasoline by skinheads and burned to death in Slovakia in ; The massive pogrom at Danilovgrad, Montenegro in April ; The case of Anguel Zabchikov, killed by police in Bulgaria; … to name only a few.
We made serious inroads into securing justice in all of these cases. Above and beyond these legal actions, we have brought pressure on governments through the publication of comprehensive reports, by providing information to intergovernmental review bodies, and by taking advantage of European Union accession processes to force governments to end these extreme harms. By early in the new millennium, we began to notice a sea change in the way some governments responded to violent abuse of Roma. Where previously no serious investigations had taken place, some governments now responded quickly and comprehensively to attacks.
Tony Tashev Imagine that you are at the house of your uncle, talking with your relatives, when suddenly two police officers burst in and accuse you of committing the theft of nine cows. They arrest you and bring you to the police station. The name of the person to whom this happened is Slavcho Tsonchev, a year-old Romani man, and this happened in in Bulgaria. He was beaten at the police station during the whole afternoon. On the evening of the same day, one of the owners of the cows came to the police to inform them that they just found the cows and that Mr Tsonchev had nothing to do with the incident.
This strange world and its inscrutable customs had flummoxed me. Finally, one of the brusque fellows confronted me in sharp German; he had pinned me as a foreigner without my having spoken. I answered in halting Slovak, and he directed me to a row of chairs where several gentlemen were already sitting. Singular, this, I thought. What are we waiting for and why? The terse spa workers orchestrated the movement from waiting area to booth; from booth to a doorway through which, I surmised, the pool was located; and then back through this door to the booth again. Finally, I was beckoned, led into a booth, and ordered to strip naked.
Then the attendant pointed the way to the pool. Through the doorway, down a few stairs, there it was, steamy, sulphurous, full of bodies wrapped in a sort of twilight haze. To the right was a shower. The procedure was this: You shower, then step into the pool, then find yourself a place to sit on the edge. The water was warm, murky in the dim natural light. Maybe 10 metres above, there was a domed skylight, stained grey with age. I watched the vapour rise and disappear into the murky grey light. The smell of sulphur and bodies was thick.
A partition, about four metres high, divided the men's side from the women's. The water, perhaps 1. There was something superb about these naked men, sitting together in this strange room, partaking of this ritual. Alas, there's a minute limit - but this is all you really want in this dim, dank underworld of naked male bodies. Because of the diligence of the brisk spa workers, the pool remained in constant flux, with almost always 10 men in the pool at any one time. Despite the movement, languor hung over the room like a weight.